Former cryptocurrency tycoon Sam Bankman-Fried recently took the witness stand in a high-profile trial, where he defended himself against allegations of fraud and conspiracy. He asserted that the failure of the crypto exchange he founded was a result of mistakes rather than any malicious intent on his part.

Bankman-Fried openly acknowledged making critical errors, with the most significant being the absence of a robust risk management system within the company. He described how the risk engine, a pivotal component of FTX, had become overwhelmed as the exchange experienced rapid growth. He detailed a potential catastrophic feedback loop that posed a risk of trillions of dollars in losses and proposed the implementation of an “allow-negative” feature to prevent such disasters. This feature was introduced not to misuse customer funds but to avoid liquidating positions held by Alameda Research, the company he co-founded.

Throughout the trial, Bankman-Fried’s legal strategy focused on discrediting Caroline Ellison, his former Alameda Research CEO and partner. However, during the proceedings, she firmly asserted that she had committed her alleged offenses under the explicit orders of her superior, presenting substantial evidence to support her claim.

Bankman-Fried’s testimony aimed to distance himself from key decisions, emphasizing that he did not closely supervise his colleagues. He mentioned that he had limited knowledge of Alameda Research’s borrowing from FTX and defended his practice of personally handling support tickets to maintain a connection with customers.

His testimony also addressed his role as the public face of FTX and the controversy surrounding his choice of clothing, challenging previous claims about its impact on the company’s image. He admitted to a lack of awareness regarding certain financial transactions and liabilities within his companies, including a significant $8 billion liability associated with Alameda Research, which he claimed to have only discovered in October 2022.

During the trial, Bankman-Fried’s responses were often lengthy and occasionally evasive, leading to objections from prosecutors and admonishments from the judge, who watched these exchanges closely. Ultimately, Bankman-Fried’s testimony painted a picture of him as a hands-off CEO who was less involved in financial matters than one might expect. The jury will now consider his defense as the trial continues.

In a significant development, the jury has found Sam Bankman-Fried guilty on all seven criminal counts brought against him. The former FTX CEO now faces a maximum sentence of 115 years in prison.

Bankman-Fried, a 31-year-old individual with an academic background, faced convictions on charges of wire fraud, conspiracy to commit wire fraud against FTX customers and Alameda Research lenders, conspiracy to commit securities fraud and conspiracy to commit commodities fraud against FTX investors, and conspiracy to commit money laundering. Despite pleading not guilty to all charges, the jury swiftly returned a verdict.

The trial, which commenced in early October, featured testimonies from Bankman-Fried’s former close associates and top team members, pitted against the statements of the defendant himself and his former roommate. The jury reached a verdict relatively quickly after receiving the case, with government witnesses, including Caroline Ellison and FTX co-founder Gary Wang, who had previously pleaded guilty to multiple charges and cooperated as witnesses for the prosecution.

The central question for the jury revolved around whether Bankman-Fried had acted with criminal intent in misappropriating customer funds from FTX for purposes like real estate, venture investments, corporate sponsorships, political contributions, and covering losses at Alameda.

Assistant U.S. Attorney Nicolas Roos emphasized in his closing argument that there was “no serious dispute” regarding the disappearance of $10 billion in customer funds held by FTX. The key issue was whether Bankman-Fried knew that his actions were wrongful. Barring a successful appeal, Bankman-Fried now awaits sentencing, drawing comparisons to the case of Elizabeth Holmes, the founder of Theranos, who was sentenced to over 11 years in prison after being convicted of defrauding investors. Bankman-Fried’s legal journey has generated significant interest and will continue to be closely watched.


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